Fall 2018

Girls on the Line

  • Interest Level: Grade 8 - Grade 12   ·  
  • Reading Level: Grade 6

“An affecting and original thrill ride.” Kirkus Reviews

A powerful, dual-narrative coming-of-age story set in 2009 China.

Luli has just turned sixteen and finally aged out of the orphanage where she’s spent the last eight years. Her friend Yun has promised to help her get work.

Yun loves the independence that her factory job brings her. For the first time in her life she has her own money and can get the things she wants: nice clothes, a cell phone…and Yong, her new boyfriend.

There are rumors about Yong, though. Some people say he’s a bride trafficker: romancing young women only to kidnap them and sell them off to bachelors in the countryside. Yun doesn’t believe it. But then she discovers she’s pregnant—the same day she gets fired from her job. If she can’t scrape together enough money to terminate the pregnancy, she’ll face a huge fine for having an unauthorized child.

Luli wants to help her friend, but she’s worried about what Yong might do…especially when Yun disappears.

Format List Price Your Price Qty
$18.99 $14.24
$38.65 $28.99
Interest Level Grade 8 - Grade 12
Reading Level Grade 6
Genre Fiction, Young Adult
Copyright 2018
Publisher Lerner Publishing Group
Imprint Carolrhoda Lab ®
Language English
Number of Pages 232
Publication Date 2018-11-01
BISACS YAF058180, YAF024030, YAF046030
Dewey [Fic]
Dimensions 5.5 x 8.25
Lexile 720
Features Author/Illustrator biography, Author/Illustrator note, Awards, Reviewed, Starred Reviews, and Teaching Guides


  • Freeman Book Award Honorable Mention, Commended, 2018


ForeWord Magazine

“Both poignant and agonizing, Girls on the Line is a must read.”—starred, Foreword Reviews

The Horn Book Magazine

“®eaders are given a perceptive, sobering glimpse into China’s oppressive economic bureaucracy.”—The Horn Book Magazine


“[A] much-needed look at the people who produce the goods we rely on worldwide and the hardships they face. . . . Readers will learn much from this absorbing and realistic tale.”—Booklist

School Library Journal

“[E]xplores a moment of contemporary history and a culture that is underrepresented in YA realistic fiction. . . . Recommended purchase, especially for YA collections serving older teens or new adults.”—starred, School Library Journal

Kirkus Reviews

“An affecting and original thrill ride . . .”—Kirkus Reviews

Asian Review of Books


For most people in the West, the relationship with China is one based on products—clothes, shoes, mobile phones—or, should the rumbling trade war materialize, the lack of them. But the people who toil away making these products are hardly ever brought into focus.
In 2008, Leslie T Chang’s non-fiction narrative, Factory Girls, introduced the workers—mainly young women—who flock to Chinese factory towns in search of jobs. But over the last eight years, Chinese factory workers have rarely, if ever, figured as protagonists in English-language general market books—until this year. Two debut novelists have written works in which they do. Although these books are targeted toward different audiences, they both have a central story to tell that revolves around the girls and women who work in factories and the difficulties they face in this grueling work.
Spencer Wise’s debut novel, The Emperor of Shoes, out in June, is told from the viewpoint of Alex Cohen, a Jewish American recent college graduate who travels to China to visit his father, the proprietor of a shoe factory in Foshan, Guangdong province. Alex’s father, Feodor, has lived in China for decades and expects his son to take over the family’s multi-generational business. Alex has other ideas. For one, he falls in love with Ivy, a young Chinese factory worker who is also a pro-democracy activist. And second, Alex grapples with the ethics behind the factories that pay low wages in China. Shoe factors are integral to his family’s business, but at what cost? He and his father disagree about the rights of the workers and the tenets of capitalism. But conveying all this to his curmudgeonly father is another matter.
Jennie Liu’s debut young adult novel, Girls on the Line, which will be released in November, is told through the alternating voices of Yun and Luli, two teenaged orphans who find work at an electronics factory in Shanxi province. Yun and Luli aged out of their orphanage at sixteen and could either work for the orphanage and end up staying there forever, or forge out on their own and find work in a local factory, joining thousands of other young women from around China.
What links these books is not just the factory setting, but stories that show the workers’ as rather more than one-dimensional characters they are sometimes portrayed as being, faceless people who simply show up to work and toil for twelve or sixteen hours in monotonous jobs so the affluent can own the latest iPhone at the click of a mouse.
In The Emperor of Shoes, Ivy cannot find another type of job because of her past participation in the Tiananmen pro-democracy movement. Her background disqualifies her for other jobs. Although she and Alex become romantically involved, she is mainly focused on planning a big protest against the working conditions at Alex’s father’s factory. While the father-son story is central to this book, the story of Ivy’s determination to stand up for workers’ rights is compelling.
And in Girls on the Line, Yun and Luli are much younger and don’t have Ivy’s life experience, but they encounter problems to rival that of the democracy activists. Yun gets duped into dating Yong, a human trafficker. When she finds out she’s pregnant, she accepts Yong’s suggestion to stay with his mother in their village two or three hours from the electronics factory. Yun has a feeling Yong will sell their baby if she has a girl, but she has no family and not nearly enough money to pay the family planning commission’s fines for babies born out of wedlock. Luli vows to work extra shifts to help Yun take care of her baby, but Yun is so beaten down from years at the orphanage that she can’t think about anything other than unburdening herself from further responsibility.
Although the characters in these two books are based on the authors’ imaginations, they nonetheless give voice to Chinese factory workers and show how girls and women have fewer employment choices than men, and how they are the ones sweating over the factory lines making our goods. In The Emperor of Shoes, as much as Ivy plays a central role in the pro-democracy protests, she still experiences betrayal by her male co-organizers. And while the two female characters in Girls on the Line don’t have the same ethical dilemmas as Alex or Ivy, they also learn to question the value of the factory and, in their case, choose factory work as the only option that will provide freedom and choices.
Over the last twenty years, Chinese manufacturing has dominated the electronics and apparel manufacturing for export, yet it seems this is the first time the women and girls holding up these businesses have been featured in English-language novels. Thanks to Spencer Wise and Jennie Liu, these workers now have more of a voice.

Ingrid Palmer

“This story will pull on your heart in a hundred different ways. I found myself so worried for Yun and Luli, and the difficult choices they had to make in order to survive. It was beautiful to watch their friendship evolve, as each girl lost, and then found, her own strength, voice, and sense of self amid such challenging circumstances. An authentic, gripping read from beginning to end!”—Ingrid Palmer, author of All Out of Pretty

Joanne O'Sullivan

“A powerful view into the struggles faced by young women in a world that doesn’t value them—and where they must find strength within themselves and each other.”—Joanne O’Sullivan, author of Between Two Skies

Author: Jennie Liu

Jennie Liu is the daughter of Chinese immigrants. She has been fascinated by the attitudes, social policies, and changes in China each time she visits. She lives in North Carolina with her family.

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Girls on the Line

“An affecting and original thrill ride.” Kirkus Reviews A powerful, dual-narrative coming-of-age story set in 2009 China. Luli has just turned sixteen and finally aged out of the orphanage where she’s spent the last eight years. Her friend… View available downloads →