Frontier Surgeons

A Story about the Mayo Brothers

From the Series Creative Minds Biographies

  • Interest Level: Grade 4 - Grade 8
  • Reading Level: Grade 5

In the 1870s, surgery was a crude affair performed on the patient’s kitchen table. In the frontier town of Rochester, Minnesota, Dr. W. W. Mayo brought his young sons, Will and Charlie, to assist him with operations. Fifty years later, Rochester became a medical mecca as the Mayo brothers were established as world-class surgeons. With a firm belief in sharing information and learning from others, the Mayo brothers proved the benefits of cooperation in a jealously competitive field, and accomplished more than any single colleague of their time. Emily Crofford gives a vivid account of the Mayos’ meteoric rise to fame and their contributions as pioneers on the frontier of modern surgery.

Format Your Price Add
Interest Level Grade 4 - Grade 8
Reading Level Grade 5
Copyright 1989
Publisher Lerner Publishing Group
Imprint Millbrook Press ™
Language English
Number of Pages 56
Publication Date 2011-08-01
Reading Counts! Level 5.5
Text Type Narrative Nonfiction
BISACS JNF007020, JNF007090
Dewey 610'.92'273
Graphics 1-color illustrations
Lexile 860
Guided Reading Level S
ATOS Reading Level 5.9
Accelerated Reader® Quiz 49542
Accelerated Reader® Points 1.0
Features Reviewed and Teaching Guides

Author: Emily Crofford

Illustrator: Karen Ritz

Lerner eSource™ offers free digital teaching and learning resources, including Common Core State Standards (CCSS) teaching guides. These guides, created by classroom teachers, offer short lessons and writing exercises that give students specific instruction and practice using Common Core skills and strategies. Lerner eSource also provides additional resources including online activities, downloadable/printable graphic organizers, and additional educational materials that would also support Common Core instruction. Download, share, pin, print, and save as many of these free resources as you like!

Creative Minds Biographies

Meet some of the world’s most creative minds! Written in story format, these episodic biographies give clear, straightforward accounts of historical figures’ lives. Each true story is accompanied by black-and-white illustrations. View available downloads →


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