Musk Oxen

From the Series Animal Prey

  • Interest Level: Grade 3 - Grade 6
  • Reading Level: Grade 4

Herds of musk oxen roam the treeless tundra of the Far North. Following closely are wolves, predators looking for a meal. The wolves are no match for the powerful adult musk oxen with their helmet-like horns. When the herd is threatened, the adults form a circle around their young to protect them. Musk oxen, with their long, thick hair, are built to survive the harsh arctic winters. But the wolves still watch the herd —for a calf that can’t keep up or an old musk ox too weak to survive.

Format Your Price Add
Interest Level Grade 3 - Grade 6
Reading Level Grade 4
Genre Science
Category Animals
Copyright 2007
Publisher Lerner Publishing Group
Imprint Lerner Publications ™
Language English
Number of Pages 40
Publication Date 2007-01-01
Reading Counts! Level 5.4
BISACS JNF003140, JNF003000
Dewey 599.64'78
Graphics Full-color illustrations
Dimensions 11 x 8.5
Lexile 880
Guided Reading Level S
ATOS Reading Level 4.9
Accelerated Reader® Quiz 111727
Accelerated Reader® Points 0.5
Features Bibliography/further reading, Glossary, Index, Reviewed, Teaching Guides, and eSource


Library Media Connection

“These big, beautiful books can easily be used in elementary school libraries, but it would be a shame to deny older students the opportunity to have access to them. . . The action-filled photographs serve to make each of the animals real to the reader.”
Library Media Connection


“Clear narrative details the defensive strategies used by the prey animals and each animal species’ place within the food chain of life. The musk oxen, for instance, depend on bulk in size and numbers, along with knifelike horns. . . The photographs are superb, and the audience of third through sixth graders will love the pictures and want to touch the creatures.”

School Library Journal

“Markle knows how to find just the right balance of facts for her intended audience and has selected shinning, full-color photographs to complement her texts. . . These books offer an outstanding combination of fascinating texts and informative, appealing photos.”
School Library Journal

Author: Sandra Markle

Sandra Markle is the author of numerous award-winning books for children. A former elementary science teacher, she is a nationally-known science education consultant. Markle has received many honors for her series Animal Predators, Animal Scavengers, and Animal Prey. Several titles have been named as National Science Teachers Association (NSTA)/Children’s Book Council (CBC) Outstanding Science Trade Books for Students K-12, and Animal Predators was honored as a Top 10 Youth Nonfiction Series by Booklist. Markle is also the author of the Insect World series and several single titles. Her book Rescues! was named a Best Book by the Society of School Librarians International and a Recommended Title of Outstanding Nonfiction by the National Council of Teachers of English’s (NCTE) Orbis Pictus Award committee; Animal Heroes was named a 2008 Lasting Connections title by Book Links. Markle lives in Lakewood Ranch, Florida with her husband, photographer Skip Jeffery.

Lerner eSource™ offers free digital teaching and learning resources, including Common Core State Standards (CCSS) teaching guides. These guides, created by classroom teachers, offer short lessons and writing exercises that give students specific instruction and practice using Common Core skills and strategies. Lerner eSource also provides additional resources including online activities, downloadable/printable graphic organizers, and additional educational materials that would also support Common Core instruction. Download, share, pin, print, and save as many of these free resources as you like!

Animal Prey

A companion to Sandra Markle’s Animal Scavengers and Animal Predators series, Animal Prey depicts animals as they are hunted by animal aggressors and as they protect themselves. Stunning photography bring these heart-racing situations alive in this remarkable series. View available downloads →